Kumbakonam

Kumbakonam is a state assembly constituency in Tamil Nadu.

Total Voters:

Male: 1,22,254
Female: 1,23,817
Total: 2,46,071

 

Legislative Assembly Election Results

Assembly Duration Winner Party Votes
Fourteenth 2011- Anbalagan.G DMK 78642
Thirteenth 2006-2011 Mani.Ko.Si DMK 65305
Twelfth 2001-06 Mani Ko.Si. DMK 60515
Eleventh 1996-01 Mani K.S. DMK 69849
Tenth 1991-96 Eramanathan R. ADK 67271
Ninth 1989-91 Mani K.S. DMK 36763
Eighth 1984-89 Krishnamoorthy, K. INC 58334
Seventh 1980-84 Pakeer Mohamed, E. S. M. INC(I) 45038
Sixth 1977-80 S.R. Eradha ADK 26432
Fifth 1971-77 N. Kasiraman NCO 39755

History of Thanjavur District

Thanjavur Bragadeeswara Temple

Thanjavur district is in the east coast of Tamil Nadu. The district lies between 78O 45’ and 70O 25′ of the Eastern longitudes and 9O 50′ and 11O 25′ of the Northern Latitudes. The District is bound by Coloroon on the Northwhich separates it from Ariyalur and Tiruchirapalli district; Thiruvarur and Nagapattinam districts on the east; Palk Strait and Pudukottai on the South and Pudukottai and Tiruchirapalli on the West.

The area of the district isn 3396.57Sq.Km. It consists of nine Taluks- Thiruvidaimarudur, Kumbakonam, Papanasam, Pattukottai, Peravurani, Orathanadu, Thanjavur, Thiruvaiyaru and Budalur. The district headquarters is Thanjavur. Thanjavur district is called ‘the Rice Bowl of Tamil Nadu’ because of its agricultural activities in the delta region of river Cauvery. The temples, culture and architecture ofTanjavurarefamousthroughouttheworld. Itisanhistoricalplace ruled by Chola, Pandya, Nayak, Marathas and was under British rule till Independence. The pursuits of these rulers are reflected in the greatmonumentslikeGrandAnaicut,BigTempleandSerfoji Palace and Saraswathi Mahal Library, etc. in the district.

Population of the district is 2405 thousand numbers as per Census 2011.The population density is 708 persons per sq.km.The district is 35% urbanized and constitutes literacy rate of 82.72%. The nearest seaport is Nagapattinam which is 84 km (52 mi) east of Thanjavur. The nearest airport is Tiruchirapalli International Airport, located at a distance of 56 km (35 mi). The city has an elevation of 57 m (187 ft) above mean sea level. The area of the district isn 3396.57Sq.Km

Hindu Mythological ancedotes state that there used to be a demonic devil named Tanjan. Neelamegha Perumal, Lord Vishnu’s avatar killed that giant at Thanjavur to restore peace and humanity. The city of Thanjavur is believed to have derived its name from this demon. The city rose to prominence during the rule of Chola monarch King Vijayala chola who made it the head quarters of Chola dynasty. After the fall of Chola dynasty, the city was ruled by a number of dynasties like Pandyas, Nayaks, Marathas and the British. The administrative powers of Thanjavur were given over to British empire under the signed treaty of 1799. British records refer the city as Tanjore.

The economy of Thanjavur district is essentially from agriculture and allied sector. Above 75% of the workforce have been depending on agriculture.The district is a deltaic plain fed by rivers Cauvery and Vennar. Some portion is also fed by Grant Anaicut canal.

The Gross Domestic Product of the District is USD 1858 Million in 2011-12. Tertiary sector contributes the maximum share of 70% followed by secondary sector (17%). The GDDP of the district has increased at a rate of 7% from 2006-07 to 2011-12. The shares of the sectors have been maintained with the growth.

 

Thanjavur District Map

Thanjavur Area:

Area Sq. Km: 3,411

Thanjavur Population:

Male: 1,182,416
Female: 1,223,474
Total: 2,405,890

Literacy Rates

Male: 89.04%
Female: 76.50%
Total: 82.64%